Timely disease notification is an essential first step in initiating infectious disease case management. When a person is diagnosed with certain infectious diseases, their healthcare professional is required to report it to MDPH.
Reports are then entered as "events" into MAVEN. Using MAVEN enables MDPH and local health officials to capture and transfer appropriate public health, laboratory, and clinical data efficiently and securely over the internet in real-time. The system interfaces with Electronic Laboratory Reporting (ELR) efforts, and automatically notifies state and local officials 24/7/365 of any event requiring their attention.
For many infectious diseases, the diagnosis and public health interventions may require collection of clinical, laboratory, demographic, and social data. The type of disease will determine the type and frequency of interventions that are needed.
Interventions must be culturally appropriate, and must provide continuity of care from the acute stage through to either completion of therapy (if indicated) or support during the chronic phase of illness.
Depending on the disease, the LBOH's role may be to investigate and manage the case. Although related, case investigation and case management should be considered two separate activities.
One common infectious disease managed by LBOH nurses is tuberculosis (TB). LBOH nurses also play a role in perinatal Hepatitis B follow-up.
- For both of these diseases, case managers continually assess the patient's needs, support systems, available and needed resources, and prescribed treatments
- The volume of activities and the length of time that case management is required varies considerably because of the characteristics of the diseases
Throughout this training, these two diseases will be used as examples illustrating case management in action.
Perinatal Hepatitis B